Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19

LAST UPDATED ON 12/17/2020

As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Duffy's Napa Valley Rehab to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Duffy's Napa Valley Rehab.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Options for telehealth visitation are continuously evaluated so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Causes & Effects of Ketamine Abuse

Understanding Ketamine Abuse

Learn about ketamine abuse

Ketamine is a substance used as an anaesthetic, for pain management, and within veterinary medicine. However, this drug has become a popular substance of abuse because it creates a tranquilizing, catatonic high.

Unfortunately, because of these effects, ketamine is also used as a date rape drug. Ketamine can be smoked, injected, snorted, or even added to drinks because it is tasteless. When a person unknowingly ingests ketamine, they may be rendered unconscious and defenseless.

Due to its potency, many who abuse ketamine face serious damages to their health and well-being, and addiction is a very real risk. If you have developed a dependence on ketamine, know that you are not alone. The staff members at Duffy’s are here to offer you the treatment services you need to overcome your addiction and regain control of your life.


Ketamine abuse statistics

Dissociative drugs like ketamine are abused much less frequently than other substances. Therefore, there is a lack of credible information surrounding the current rates of ketamine abuse. A 2010 survey from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) provides some insight into ketamine use among the young:

  • Ketamine use was reported by 1% of 8th-graders (an increase from 2008 of .05%).
  • 10th-graders reported ketamine use at 1.3%.
  • 7% of 12th-graders reported using ketamine.

It should be noted that the percentages of 10th– and 12th-graders reporting ketamine use in 2010, while still relatively low, declined significantly from previous years.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for ketamine abuse

Your risk for ketamine abuse and addiction can be influenced by several factors, including the following:

  • Family history of mental illness
  • Having easy access to ketamine
  • Having a novelty-seeking personality
  • Lacking impulse control
  • Family history of substance abuse
  • Personal history of substance abuse
  • Personal history of mental illness
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of ketamine abuse

The following signs and symptoms of ketamine abuse may indicate that a person has a problem with this drug:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Continuing to use ketamine despite negative side effects
  • Using ketamine in dangerous situations
  • Taking ketamine more frequently or in larger doses than prescribed
  • Social withdrawal
  • Trying but failing to stop using ketamine
  • Trying to steal ketamine
  • Trying to borrow or steal money in order to buy ketamine
  • Trying to obtain ketamine illegally

Physical symptoms:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Numbness
  • Depression

Mental symptoms:

  • Poor decision-making
  • Amnesia
  • Hallucinations
  • Experiencing the “K-Hole,” an out-of-body experience
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Memory problems
  • Inability to focus

Effects of ketamine abuse

The side effects of ketamine abuse can include the following:

  • Legal problems
  • Social isolation
  • Sexual problems
  • Job loss
  • Family discord
  • Chronic unemployment
  • Suicide attempts
  • Homelessness
  • Money problems
  • Development of mental health problems
  • Respiratory damage
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Strained relationships
Dual Diagnosis

Ketamine abuse and dual diagnosis

If you struggle with ketamine abuse and addiction, you may also have a heightened risk for developing certain additional mental health disorders. Clinicians refer to the simultaneous presence of ketamine addiction and another mental health disorder as dual diagnosis. Ketamine abuse and addiction have been associated with the following disorders:

  • Other substance use disorders
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Antisocial personality disorder

The signs, symptoms, and effects of ketamine addiction can be impacted by the presence of additional disorders. People whose addiction is accompanied by other disorders need comprehensive dual diagnosis care. If you fail to receive effective professional dual diagnosis programming, you may struggle to achieve and maintain long-term recovery.

Withdrawal and Overdose

Effects of ketamine withdrawal and overdose

Effects of withdrawal: If you become dependent upon ketamine, your body will adapt to the presence of the drug. When you try to end your ketamine use, your body may respond with various uncomfortable symptoms. Common ketamine withdrawal symptoms include the following:

  • Heavy sweating
  • Diarrhea
  • Watery eyes
  • Dilated pupils
  • Strong cravings for ketamine
  • Inability to sleep
  • Twitches and tremors
  • Runny nose

Effects of overdose: If a person abuses ketamine and then experiences the following symptoms, they may have overdosed. Anyone who overdoses on ketamine needs immediate medical attention:

  • Coma
  • Nausea
  • Memory loss
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Breathing problems
  • Stomach cramps
  • Vomiting
  • Slurred speech
  • Slowed heart rate
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  • California Consortium of Addiction Programs and Professionals (CCAPP)
  • Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF)
  • NAADAC, the Association for Addiction Professionals