Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to the Coronavirus
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Duffy's Napa Valley Rehab to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Duffy's Napa Valley Rehab.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Causes & Effects of Kratom Abuse

Understanding Kratom Abuse

Learn about kratom abuse

Kratom is a controversial, plant-based drug that has a long history of use in Asia for its ability to provide energy, enhance mood, and decrease various health ailments for those who consume it. Depending on the size of the dose and the frequency of use, this drug could provide intensely euphoric or sedative effects, and despite the fact that it has been safely consumed by many in minimal amounts over the years, its pleasing effects mean that, like all mind- and mood-altering substances, it does carry a potential for abuse.

In recent years, kratom was made available in powder or capsule form in the United States, and up until 2016 was legally available for purchase in places like head shops across the country. However, now the drug has been temporarily classified as a schedule one illegal substance by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), meaning that the substance can no longer be obtained legally.

Government and health officials warn users of the dangers of kratom abuse, but some have remained critical of the ban on this substance. For example, research scientists say that the drug held promise for individuals who wished to end their dependence on opioids. This is due to the fact that while kratom contains no opioids, it interacts with the same receptors in the brain as opioid-based substances.

But as is the case with drugs like legal prescription painkillers or illegal substances of abuse, individuals who abuse kratom may face many damaging consequences that can require professional help to overcome.

If a chemical dependence on kratom or any other substance of abuse takes hold, look no further than Duffy’s Napa Valley Rehab in California. Our expert staff is best equipped to provide you or a loved one with the support, guidance, and skills you need to take back control of your future and free yourself from a life of kratom abuse.


Kratom abuse statistics

A recent study published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) indicated that kratom use is certainly on the rise. In fact, the number of calls to the CDC related to kratom increased tenfold from 26 in 2010 to 263 in 2015, most of which were from medical personnel.

Many calls indicated that an individual had been exposed to kratom in combination with other substances of abuse, most notably ethanol, other botanicals, benzodiazepines, narcotics, and acetaminophen. Given this marked rise in use, more research and education is needed to help the general public better understand the risks associated with kratom abuse.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for kratom abuse

The causes and risk factors for developing an addiction to kratom can include genetic and environmental factors. Please consider the following:

Genetic: Experts agree that there are certain heritable or genetic traits that might make one more susceptible to addiction. If a close relative like a sibling or parent also struggles with addiction, you may be more likely to abuse kratom or other substances.

Environmental: If you are surrounded by other individuals who abuse drugs or alcohol, especially in your early formative years, this form of dysfunctional behavior may become normalized to you, thus increasing the likelihood that you may engage in substance abuse yourself.

Risk Factors:

  • Family history of substance abuse and addiction
  • Having an impulsive temperament
  • Beginning to abuse substances at an early age
  • Being around other people who abuse kratom or other substances
  • Ease of access to kratom
  • Suffering from an untreated mental health condition

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of kratom abuse

The signs and symptoms that you or someone you care about has become addicted to kratom will vary based on how much of the substance is being consumed, the frequency of the use, and the overall length of time the drug has been abused. The following symptoms are typical of someone who is abusing kratom:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Trying but being unsuccessful at stopping one’s use of kratom
  • Using kratom in greater amounts and over a longer period of time than intended
  • Using kratom when it’s physically hazardous to do so
  • Spending a great deal of time trying to get, use, and recover from the use of kratom
  • Wanting to stop using kratom, but being unable to do so
  • Failing to uphold personal responsibilities due to the use of kratom
  • Preferring to use kratom over engaging in once enjoyable activities
  • Using kratom despite knowing that it has caused problems within one’s life

Physical symptoms:

  • Increased energy (when taken in smaller doses)
  • Sedation (when taken in larger doses)
  • Tolerance for kratom
  • Experiencing withdrawal when not able to use kratom or when trying to stop using this drug

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Cravings for kratom

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Oscillating moods
  • Emotional outbursts
  • Emotional detachment from others
  • Depressed mood


Effects of kratom abuse

As is the case with any form of substance use disorder, left untreated, a kratom addiction will cause numerous damages to the affected individual. When a substance of abuse becomes the focal point of your life, all once-important aspects may soon fall by the wayside. But by obtaining kratom-specific treatment at a quality, professional treatment center, the following negative outcomes can be overcome or avoided altogether:

  • Damages to one’s physical health
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Lack of interest in personal hygiene
  • Sleep loss or irregular sleep habits
  • Rapid and unpredictable mood swings
  • Increased propensity to engage in risk-taking behaviors
  • Job loss or financial hardship
  • Conflict in important relationships with friends and family
  • Legal problems

Dual Diagnosis

Kratom abuse and dual diagnosis

Often, a person who abuses kratom or other mind- and mood-altering substances does so in an attempt to self-medicate the pain of an untreated mental illness. In clinical terms, a person who is dealing with chemical dependency and another mental health disorder is referred to as having dual diagnosis. The following are examples of disorders that may accompany kratom abuse:

  • Tobacco use disorder
  • Other substance use disorders
  • Depressive disorders
  • Anxiety disorders

Many people who need care for dual diagnosis don’t realize that they’re struggling with multiple disorders. This is why it’s so important to get help for kratom abuse at a center that offers dual diagnosis programming. If you need, but don’t get, effective dual diagnosis care, you may find it extremely difficult to end your kratom abuse.

Withdrawal and Overdose

Effects of kratom withdrawal and overdose

Effects of kratom withdrawal: A person who abruptly limits or ceases his or her use of kratom after habitually abusing the substance will face withdrawal symptoms that can range from mild discomfort to considerably painful. While no two people will have the exact same withdrawal experience, some of the most typical withdrawal symptoms are listed below:

  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Kratom cravings
  • Difficulty feeling pleasure
  • Hostility
  • Uncontrollable jerky movements
  • Muscle and bone aches
  • Uncharacteristic aggression
  • Runny nose
  • Psychotic episodes including hallucinations, confusion, and delusions in rare cases

Effects of kratom overdose: When a person consumes more kratom than his or her body can process, the result can be extreme discomfort. While instances of overdose on kratom alone are largely undocumented, if the substance has been laced with other harmful ingredients, consuming too much could possibly pose a medical emergency. If you or someone else has been abusing kratom and begins showing any of the following signs, seek immediate medical care:

  • Nausea
  • Irritability
  • Seizure
  • Drowsiness
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Agitation
  • Coma

Insurance Accepted
Verify Your Coverage
  • Aetna
  • Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield
  • Beacon Health Options
  • Blue Cross Blue Shield
  • Kaiser Permanente
  • TriWest Healthcare Alliance
  • U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
  • And More

If you are uncertain about how you can pay for treatment, please contact us today. Our knowledgeable and compassionate advisors can help you identify the funding option that’s right for you.

Trusted by 38,000 families since 1967.

I got sober at Duffy’s on July 14th, 2016. I have been back for several sobriety weekends. I will always have a spot in my heart for all the staff who helped me. Thank you very much. My life is good now and it started at Duffy’s.

– A former guest
Marks of Quality Care
Our accreditations show our focus on quality care.
  • California Consortium of Addiction Programs and Professionals (CCAPP)
  • Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF)
  • NAADAC, the Association for Addiction Professionals